Magnetic therapy comes under the umbrella of therapies used in physiotherapy, and more specifically Electrotherapy. It is important to highlight that when a predominantly electrical effect exists, we aim to cause sensory and motor stimulation which essentially brings about chemical changes in the body tissue. On other occasions it will be the magnetic component that is predominant. Once a magnetic effect is applied in regulated frequency pulses to the body (which is made up of ionized chemical components) magnetic strength acts on these ions, molecules and even on the water dipole redirecting them and generating movement. The movement of electric charges speeds up metabolism precisely in the tissues where we apply magnet therapy.
The application of magnetic fields on the human body has diverse and powerful effects:
- Trophic stimulation of calcium metabolism in bone tissue. Both the generation of internal currents in the bone and the piezoelectric effect help stimulate osteoblasts and speed up bone tissue recovery in cases of osteoporosis and bone fractures.
- The relaxing effect of magnetic fields is due to the balancing action of the sympathetic-parasympathetic system. Magnetic therapy provides release from spasms, allowing the smooth and striated muscle to relax, aiding blood flow to the muscle around arteries and blood vessels which naturally leads to better tissue nutrition and a reduction in localized inflammation.
- It has a moderate but efficient analgesic effect on the nerve endings. The anti-inflammatory and relaxing effect helps raise the threshold of pain.